How To Become A Judge in India

When it comes to the most prestigious and responsible jobs in India, court clerk is at the top of the list. Judicial duties are considered the most important in India, and if you are a judge, you must be prepared to take on many responsibilities. In India, there are three categories of judges: Judge of the Supreme Court, judge of the High Court and ordinary judge of the Subordinate Court.

In this article we will discuss all these categories of judges, their functions and how you can become one. So take a few minutes to read this article and learn how you can get a job as a profiler and earn both respect and a good salary.

Indian legal system

Before dealing directly with the duties of judges, we must first discuss the legal system in India. This may sound too simple for some readers, but if you want to work as a judge and serve the community, it is extremely important to know the Indian legal system in detail.

The Indian legal system is essentially divided into three categories. The first is the highest court, operating at the national level, the next is the highest court, operating at the state level, and the third is the lowest court, often called the district court. These district courts operate at the county level. All these courts appoint judges who administer justice according to the facts and the Constitution of India. Therefore, a judge must have a good knowledge of the Indian Constitution and laws and know how the various sections can be used to provide impeccable justice to the citizens of India.

Thus, if you are ready to serve as a judge, you must know all the laws, sections and subsections of the Indian Constitution that qualify you to be a judge in any of these three categories of courts.

Criteria for admission as judge in India

Normally, Indian courts appoint only newcomers at the junior level. This means that you can only be appointed a judge in a lower court if you are fresh. In addition, certain conditions must be met to become a judge. In this section, we address the requirements that must be met to become a judge.

Education level: The candidate must have a law degree of good standing.

Dude: Minimum age – 21 years Maximum age – 35 years

Additional requirement: The candidate should be proficient in local vernacular languages, Hindi and English.

These were the minimum requirements to qualify for a profile of judge. Make sure you meet all these requirements. If you meet these requirements, you are eligible to become a judge in the lower courts.

Graduation: syllabus and sample exam

In addition to the minimum quantitative assessment and subject knowledge, you should be aware that, depending on your level of study (undergraduate/graduate), you will also need to take the General Law Examination (CLAT). In addition, you must pass a judicial examination administered by the High Courts in collaboration with the State Law Commission (PSC) (upon completion of your master’s or postgraduate studies).

To pass the CLAT exam, you need to know the Constitution of India and the various laws and their scope. This will help you work as a lawyer or become a legal assistant.

Once you graduate, you can prepare to take the PSC exams to qualify as a judge in the state’s lower and upper courts.

A step-by-step guide to becoming a judge in India

Conclusion: If you are ready to work as a judge, you must pass two stages of entrance exams. The first level is when you graduate and the next level is when you have to take the CFP at the state level. Here’s a step-by-step guide to qualifying as a judge. Read this detailed guide and then make your decision.

Step one: You have a law degree (LLB) with a minimum grade of 55%.

Step two: Once you graduate, apply for the PSC exam in your state.

Step three: Do the PSC and then if you have experience as a lawyer, you can apply for the position of district judge.

Step four: To become a judge in the higher courts, you must have certain qualifications and experience as a judge in the lower courts. Check them out and then you can also work as a judge in the higher courts.

It was a four-step guide to becoming a judge in India. Gain experience and broaden your skills during your career and become a better candidate for judicial positions in higher courts.

Duties of a Judge in India

The work of a judge may consist mainly of dealing with Indian citizens and their rights. The judge must decide whether a person or company is guilty. He has the power to decide and compel the parties to follow the decision established by law. It also contains the rules for the operation of the courts, in order to provide impeccable justice to citizens.

Overall, being a judge is an extremely demanding job and if you are appointed to a higher level of the Indian judiciary, you must have the patience and experience to handle cases with flying colors.

Conditions for access to judicial posts at the various levels of the courts

In India, direct appeal is limited to the lower and subordinate courts. This means that you cannot become a High Court or Supreme Court judge if you have not previously served as a judge.

These are the selection criteria for the various judicial positions in the different jurisdictions. Check them out and then decide which area you want to work in and if you qualify for the higher courts.

For the lower courts:

The governor and superior courts hire people based on their performance and TCOP results to hire a lower court judge. Some district courts require that the applicant have some experience as a personal attorney (lawyer or other person). Find out if you are eligible, and if you meet these requirements, you can try to become a judge in a court or district court.

For large ships :

The next highest level of courts in the Indian legal system is the High Court. To become a Supreme Court judge, one must have 10 years of experience in the Indian legal system. You can also seek the help of an appellate judge if you have 10 years of experience as an attorney. Unlike other courts, there is no minimum age to become a Supreme Court judge. If you are a citizen of India and meet the above requirements, you can apply for the post of a Judge in the Supreme Court.

For the Supreme Court:

A Supreme Court Judge is appointed by the President of India and the ideal candidate should have 5 years of experience as a Supreme Court Judge. Moreover, a lawyer who has worked for ten years in the higher courts can be appointed as a judge of the Supreme Court. Moreover, the President of India has the power to appoint such officers as he deems fit.

Tips for preparing for the admission test and interview

One of the most important things to consider if you want to become a judge in India is your preparation. As mentioned earlier, there are two exams you must prepare for to become a judge. After you pass the placement test for your law degree or master’s degree and earn your master’s degree, you will need to take the PSC exam in your state. If you meet all the requirements to become a judge, we recommend that you also pass the law school entrance exam, because after all, your knowledge of the Constitution and laws of India is the most important thing.

Both the CLAT (or other statutory entrance test) and the CSP have excellent credentials that can be taken online or offline.

In addition to physical training for both entrance exams, you can access online courses that offer both the best value and the best connection to the topics and issues that will be important while preparing for a job as a judge in India.

Besides online and offline courses that require time and patience, there are many other ways to find information about entrance exams. And the easiest way to learn Indian constitutions and topics of utmost importance is to check out the best mock exam preparation books and latest exam patterns for CLAT and PSC. In addition, if you are considering becoming a judge, there are books that provide a comprehensive knowledge of the topics and concepts that should be clear for the profile of a judge.

So choose one or more of the above ways to make it easier for you to appear in court.


In short, if you are looking for a job with a good reputation and are willing to serve the nation, a position as a judge would be an ideal choice for you. Though the process is long and you have to wait patiently to become a judge, believe me, the wait is worth it and you will never regret your preparation to become a judge in the Indian courts. Just make sure you prepare well for the exams and do your best to work as a judge and nothing can stop you from becoming a judge.

frequently asked questions

How many years does it take to become a judge in India?

Candidates were required to complete a five-year or three-year LLB course. LLM students may also apply for judicial positions. Candidates who hold only a diploma or a certificate of completion of a course cannot be appointed judges.

Is it easy to become a judge in India?

To be appointed as a Judge of the Supreme Court, one must be a citizen of India and must have been a Judge of the Supreme Court (or of two or more successive Supreme Courts) for at least five years, or must have been an Advocate of the Supreme Court (or of successive Supreme Courts) for ten years, or…

What is the salary of a judge in India?

As per the revised salary structure worked out by the Commission, an Associate Judge of Civil Status/Chief Judge, who initially received a remuneration of Rs 27,700, will now receive Rs 77,840. The next senior post of senior civil judge starts at Rs 1,11,000 and that of district judge at Rs 1,44,840.

About the Author: Prateek

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