A short paragraph about the Raja Ram Mohan Roy
Short paragraph about the Raja Ram Mohan Roy for students, for children, for classes 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, for selection exams, in English, with photo.
Raja Ram Mohan Roy was born on the 22nd. May 1772, born in the village of Radhanagar, Hugli District, Bengal, into a family of conservative Bengali Brahmins. Ram Mohan’s parents, Ramakant Roy and Tarikh Muharji, were devout Hindus. His father was a devotee of Lord Vishnu. Ram Mohan’s religious inclination from childhood.
At the age of 14, he wanted to become a hermit Sanyasi, but his mother convinced him otherwise. Another example of his piety was his habit of not drinking water every morning before reciting a chapter of the Bagavat Purana. Ram Mohan was considered to be full of excitement and showed signs of intelligence at an early age.
He only learned Bengali at school. He also went to Tibet to learn about Buddhism. He learned Persian, which was the language of the court. This enables him to read the mystical poetry and philosophy of the Persian Sufis. He also learned Arabic. At that time he came across translations of Aristotle and Euclid, and translations of the Koran. At the insistence of his mother, he went to Banaras to study Sanskrit. He started learning English when he was 24. In 1803 he obtained a position with the East India Company, and in 1809 was posted to Rangpur.
He learned about Jainism and studied Jain texts. Roy was attracted to certain aspects of Christianity, which led some adherents of Christianity to suggest he convert, but he politely declined the suggestion. Roy’s understanding of the different religions of the world helped him to compare them with Vedantic philosophy and bring together the best of each religion. Sufi mysticism had a great influence on Roy.
He liked to repeat three of his maxims: Man is a servant of goods; to enjoy peace in this respect is kindness to friends and courtesy to enemies; and the way to serve God is to do good to men. The route left the East India Company a few years later and arrived in Calcutta in 1815.
Humanist and religious reformer, he left to serve the people. Strongly influenced by European liberalism, Ram Mohan concluded that radical reforms were needed in Hinduism and Hindu social practices.
In 1828, he founded the Brahmo Samai, originally known as Brahmo Sabha, in Calcutta. Raja Ram Mohan and his organization Brahmo Samaj tried to change the social order in India. He founded newspapers and schools all over India. He convinced the British to ban Satie in 1829. But in those days, there was no Indian spirit among the Indians. Indians have never been one nation, but always a collection of different units. They were under different regimes, including non-Indians.
From their point of view, the British were just another sovereign over them. But the most important contribution of the Brahmo Samaj to the development of Indian society is that he addressed issues that were common to people throughout the Indian subcontinent. His ideas have inspired other organizations and several secular political parties, such as the Indian National Congress, which has been discussed in India. Raja Ram Mohan Roy was one of the famous and great social reformers of that time, he was very disappointed with Sati Prata (it was an old Hindu tradition that if a woman’s husband died and his wife had to burn with her husband’s body, in the beginning this was done by the woman’s will, but later the husband’s relatives put pressure on the woman to burn with her husband’s body). Raja Ram Mohan Roy decided to banish this tradition of begging from the society, he wanted people to do something about it. But he has been heavily criticized by former fundamentalist fringe groups, and some have tried to kill him, but all these incidents have failed to demoralize him.
In 1828, Lord William Bentinck became governor general of India. Ram Mohan Roy met with William Bendink and told him about the harmless and evil effect of Sati Prata and asked him to ban Sati Prata by law. In 1829, through a brilliant effort by Ram Mohan Roy, Governor General William Bentinck outlawed Sati Prata altogether by declaring that if anyone encouraged a woman to burn with her husband’s body, the government considered it murder and the death penalty was then imposed on that person. Thus, Sati Prata is slowly being excluded from society by the law. This is the greatest achievement of Raja Ram Mohan Roy. Roy also published a newspaper in Indian.
Atmiya Sabha published a weekly newspaper, the Bengal Herald. He also published a Persian weekly, Miratul-Akhbar, and a Bengali weekly, Sambad Qaumudi. Roy attaches great importance to the development of his mother tongue. His Gudiya Vyakaran in Bengali is highly appreciated among his prose works. The establishment of the Brahmo Samaj was one of Roy’s most important contributions to society. From 1828, the Samaj, as a small group, played an important role in the Bengali renaissance of the 19th century. It has attracted personalities like Keshub Chandra Sen and Rabindranath Tagore, as well as other members of the Tagore family.
The meaning of the word Samaj is to follow Hinduism and combine the best of what Roy taught him with other religions. Even today, people gather once a week, usually on Sundays, in the prayer houses of the Brahmas across the country and worship the One God or Brahma. Vedic texts and hymns were sung during these meetings, discussions and offerings. The current successors are trying to carry out his word: Live the questions, never rest, with an open mind and an open heart. Roy was an ardent believer, and his belief in the universal brotherhood of man led him to support many causes and reform movements. 100 years before the League of Nations, Roy saw the need for a similar institution.
He said that just like two people going to court to settle important disputes, there should be an organization that can help settle disputes between the two countries. Ten days after arriving in Bristol, England, however, he became ill with meningitis and died on the 27th. September 1833. He was first buried in the Beech House plot, but after a few years his friend Dwarkanath Tagore moved him to the Arona Valley. Chattri was designed by William Prinsep and built under the patronage of Dwarkanath Tagore. A statue of Raja Ram Mohan Roy was also erected in Bristol in 1997.
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frequently asked questions
What does the Raja Ram Mohan Roy do?
In 1828, Raja Ram Mohan Roy founded the Brahma Samaj. Through Brahma Samaj, he wanted to expose religious hypocrisy and curb the growing influence of Christianity on Hindu society. The efforts of Raja Ram Mohan Roy bore fruit when the Sati system was abolished in 1929.
Why is Ram Mohan Roy called Raja?
The Brahmo Samaj would play an important role as a reform movement of the Hindus later in the century. In 1829, Roy went to England as the unofficial representative of the titular king of Delhi. The king of Delhi granted him the title of raja, although it was not recognized by the British.
Who gave Raja Ram Mohan Roy the title of Raja?
In 1831, Mughal Emperor Akbar II conferred on him the title of Raja. In 1828, Roy founded the Brahmo Samaj, a movement for reform of the Hindu religion that sought to combat social ills in society.