In this article we will learn the 7 types/genres of verbs in English grammar with examples of the 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th verbs. Also available in the classroom, for teachers, students, competitions, children, etc.
Definition: The verb is the most important element of the sentence. No sentence can be completed without a verb. A verb is an action word in a sentence. It tells us what a person or thing does or owns.
What is a verb?
In English grammar, the verb is one of the most important parts of a sentence. It is a word or phrase that says or explains something about a place or a thing.
- Radha is a great athlete.
- She walks very fast.
- She has enormous powers.
Verb forms in English grammar
Verbs and their types in English grammar, we have 7 verb types here.
- Defined verb – Refers to the number in the singular or plural.
- Infinitive verb – Used as nouns, adverbs and adjectives.
- Action verb – To tell what the subject in the sentence is doing.
- Auxiliary verb – Helps the main verb in a sentence by expanding the meaning of the verb.
- Linking verb – links the subject to a noun or adjective.
- Regular verbs – verbs that form the past participle with d or ed.
- Irregular verbs are verbs that change form completely.
Read all these verbs in detail with examples.
Finite verbs are types of verbs that have a specific relationship to a subject or noun. Usually, these verbs are the main verb of a sentence or clause and can be adapted to the noun. They are only used in the present and past tense. You can specify a number (singular or plural).
Examples of ending verbs
- He takes classes regularly. (Changing person)
- They follow regular courses (personal exchange).
- They attended classes regularly (time change).
These types of verbs cannot be the main verb of a sentence or clause because they do not refer to the action performed by the subject or noun. And they do not indicate tension (using the 12 types of tension as an example), mood or gender.
We can also use these verbs as nouns, adverbs and adjectives, these types of verbs are also used to form infinitive clauses, which are simply dependent clauses that use infinitive verbs.
Examples of imperfect verbs
- He invited his friends to like his Facebook post. (Endless chatter)
- They invited their friends to like their Facebook post. (infinitive verb)
In the above sentences, the verb wollen is not affected by changes in time and number. So it is the infinitive form of the verb.
Other examples of infinitives
- He loves camping in the woods. (Here the infinitive verb is camp and is used as a noun.) These kinds of infinitive verbs are called gerunds.
- I need some sleep. (The infinitive verb expression here is sleep, it behaves like a name). Verbs with infinitive that have the word before them are called infinitive verbs.
- The sleeping dog caused the delay. Verbs with the suffixes -ing or ed, which make the verb an adjective, are called participles.
The verb is also called main verb, main verb and lexical verb. All these types of verbs tell us what the subject is doing in the sentence. Action verbs are one of the most easily recognized verb forms in English grammar. To identify or recognize these verbs, simply look for the words in the sentence that answer the questions in the sentence. What is this criminal doing?
For example, Rosa is painting the kitchen walls. How’s Rose?
In English grammar, there are two types of action verbs.
- transitive verbs
- Uncompromising verbs
Transitive verbs are verbs whose action has a particular object on or for which the action is performed. This means that the action has a specific recipient or object.
To identify them, you can ask the following question: what influences the verb?
Example of transitional verbs :
Rose is painting the kitchen walls. (What’s a pink fresco? The kitchen walls.)
So we can see that there is a particular object on which the action is performed.
Verb in transit
These verbs are also presented as actions, but here there is no specific object on which the action is performed. To identify these verbs, we ask the following question: what is the purpose of the verb? If there is no answer in the sentence (4 types of sentences in English), we can say that the verb in the sentence is an intransitive verb.
Example of an uncompromising verb:
Rose is painting now. (What is a pink picture? No answer.)
This means that painting is an inexorable verb in the sentence. A nonmandatory verb that indicates the action of the subject, but there is no specific direct object for the action.
Auxiliary verbs or auxiliary verbs
Auxiliary verbs (also called auxiliary verbs, auxiliary verbs, or auxiliary verbs), auxiliary verbs are verbs that, as their name implies, help the main verb in a sentence by extending the verb’s meaning. These types of verbs help the main verb to indicate time and meaning.
2 types of auxiliary verbs in English grammar
- first auxiliary
- Modal auxiliary
Primary auxiliary verb
These verbs function both as auxiliary verbs and as main verbs. (to be, to have)
Examples of primary auxiliary verbs
- He’s the boss here.
- She has her own car.
Modal subordinate verbs
These verbs are used to change the tone and mood of the main verb.
May, can, should, shall, must and must be are called modal auxiliary verbs.
Modal auxiliary verbs Examples
- She can run fast.
- You should learn English.
Connective or coplexive verb
Referring or copular verbs differ from other verbs in that they themselves say nothing about the nature of the subject; instead, they refer to a noun or adjective that helps to describe the nature of the subject or provide additional information about it.
It is important to keep this in mind:
The difference between a linking verb and a linking verb is that the linking verb is used to connect the subject with something it describes. The auxiliary verb, on the other hand, is used with a complementary main verb to express an action.
The difference between a linking verb and an auxiliary verb
- I am tall. (hyphenated verb)
- Run. (helps the verb)
In the above example, the same word can be used both as a linking verb and as an auxiliary verb.
Examples of verbs
- It’s the director. (Here’s the verb, add information about him).
- They’re naughty children. (Here there is a linking verb – connecting the subject they have with the complement bad children).
Regular or weak verb
Verbs that form the past participle with d or ed as a suffix are regular verbs. For these verbs, there are no significant changes in form between tenses. These verbs are also called weak verbs.
Regular Verbs Examples
Examples of correct verbs: past tense and past participle
|Clarified website||Clarified website||Clarified website|
|Make an impression||Impressed||Impressed|
Irregular or strong verb
Irregular verbs are verbs that change their whole form from the root form into the past participle and the past participle.
In most cases, they form the past tense by modifying the main vowel of the present tense and without adding an ending. We cannot say or predict what form an irregular or strong verb will take in the changed tenses. In the beginning you have to memorize the changes of verb tenses, because later, with practice, it becomes a matter of habit.
Examples of irregular verbs
|Run||took place at the following address:||Run|
|Alarm Clock||Alarm Clock||Wake up.|
|Choose .||Choose .||Selected|
|Take it to||Provided for you by||Provided for you by|
Verb forms PDF
Types of verbs
frequently asked questions
What are the 4 types of verbs?
There are four types of verbs: intransitive, transitive, linking and passive. Intransitive and transitive verbs are in the active voice, while passive verbs are in the passive voice. Intransitive verbs are verbs that express an action but have no direct object.
What are the 10 types of verbs?
Types of verbal forms and functions in English – ThoughtCo
What are the 5 types of verbs?
Verb tenses. There are up to five forms for each verb: Stem, third-person singular, present participle, past participle, and past participle.